ಅಲ್ಟ್ರಾಸಾನಿಕ್ ಸ್ಕೇಲರ್ ಹೇಗೆ ಕೆಲಸ ಮಾಡುತ್ತದೆ?
As health care providers, dentists must be prepared to solve any type of oral condition that the patient might have. Therefore, they are trained to perform different procedures depending on the patient’s issues.
In most cases, gingivitis is the main problem that patients manifest. This condition is usually painless and can be treated easily. All it takes is a dental cleaning with a dental scaler and an excellent oral care routine to improve the patient’s condition. Nonetheless, it can turn into periodontitis and cause tooth loss. Thereby, it shouldn’t be taken lightly.
Gingivitis is caused by calculus on the teeth’ surface. Fortunately, the dental scaler can easily remove calculus to treat the disease. Furthermore, this versatile tool can even be used in other dentistry fields, such as endodontics and prosthodontics.
We’ll explain in this article what a dental ultrasonic scaler is, how it works, and its many uses in dentistry.
ಡೆಂಟಲ್ ಅಲ್ಟ್ರಾಸಾನಿಕ್ ಸ್ಕೇಲರ್ ಎಂದರೇನು?
A dental ಅಲ್ಟ್ರಾಸಾನಿಕ್ ಸ್ಕೇಲರ್ is a specialized type of handpiece that possesses tips that vibrate at high speed. These tips are interchangeable and perform different functions depending on their shapes.
The scaler handpiece is shaped like a pen. It usually has a smooth rounded finish. This ergonomic grip provides comfort and easy handling. Furthermore, its coating is resistant to impact and rust. The dental ultrasonic scaler is also designed to be lightweight and portable.
Same as a regular handpiece, these devices can be air-driven or electric.
Air-driven scalers, also known as dental air scalers, must be connected to the dental unit to work. The dentist needs to plug and secure it to one of the connections in the delivery unit next to the dental chair.
On the contrary, electric ultrasonic scalers can work without having to connect them to a pressurized air hose. The vibration is created by an inner mechanism that operates with electricity.
These electric ultrasonic scalers are usually larger and are connected to a control unit. This control unit can vary in shape and size depending on the manufacturer. Nonetheless, all of them have a screen and buttons to regulate some of the scaler’s functions. Usually, they allow the dentist to adjust the vibration intensity and the amount of water it sprays.
It is essential to know that the dental ultrasonic scaler sprays water into the tip. This maintains it cool while it is active and helps protect the teeth from heat. Also, it helps remove calculus easier when the scaler is being used for periodontal treatment purposes.
Lastly, some scaler handpieces are equipped with LED lights around the tip. This improves visibility in those hard-to-reach areas and places where the dentist needs to employ indirect vision.
How Does The Scaler Handpiece Work?
ದಿ ಹಲ್ಲಿನ ಗಾಳಿಯ ಮಾಪಕ works with a mix of pressurized air and water. After it is connected to the dental unit, the dentist can activate it by stepping on the foot pedal. This causes water and air to flow from the hoses into the ultrasonic scaler.
As the water and air pass through the device, it activates a mechanism that causes the tip to vibrate at high speed. Furthermore, its inner mechanism is designed to prevent other elements of the scaler aside from the tip from vibrating. Therefore, the dentist doesn’t experience any fatigue or discomfort while using it.
ಯಾವಾಗ ಸ್ಕೇಲರ್ ಕೈಚೀಲ is used during periodontal treatment, the water expelled from the device reacts to the scaler’s ultrasonic vibrations. This creates tiny bubbles that burst with high intensity against the calculus. Furthermore, these bubbles bursting help the dentist to dislodge and break apart calculus more easily.
ಇದನ್ನು ಯಾವುದಕ್ಕಾಗಿ ಬಳಸಲಾಗುತ್ತದೆ?
The dental ultrasonic scaler is mainly used in periodontal treatments.
The dentist uses the sharp tips of the scaler to treat gum disease by removing calculus from the teeth.
Removing calculus and any other irritant that causes the gums to swell is the only way to treat gingivitis.
To effectively do it, the dentist must choose a tip that can comfortably reach the areas affected by calculus. Afterward, the tip must be positioned at the edge of the piece of calculus while the device is activated. The dentist must also apply some pressure to help remove calculus from the teeth’ surface.
However, dentists nowadays also use ultrasonic scalers for endodontic treatments.
There are specialized tips designed to perform a wide variety of procedures, such as:
● Activation of the irrigation substance inside the root canal
● Removal of calcifications inside the entrance of the canal
● Removal of restorative material
● Removal of pulp stones
● Refinement of the pulp chamber’s access
● Removal of broken files inside the canal
● Removal of glass fiber post
● Root canal cleaning during retreatment
The dental ultrasonic scaler is safe to use. However, there are a few considerations to keep in mind.
Dentists must be wary when treating patients with pacemakers. The ultrasonic scaler might interfere with its correct functioning. Nonetheless, most modern pacemakers are shielded and protected against this issue.
The dentist also must be careful when cleaning around restorations, especially dental implants. In these cases, it is highly recommended to clean these teeth using a manual scaler. This is because the high intensity of the ultrasonic scaler can scratch the implant surface or create small tears between the tooth and the restoration. However, there are specific tips designed for these cases.
Lastly, since the scaler tips are in direct contact with the mouth, saliva, and blood, the dentist must sterilize them after every usage. Otherwise, there would be a high risk of cross-contamination. Both the scaler and the tips can be sterilized in an autoclave.
Why Should You Get A Dental Scaler?
A dental scaler is a highly versatile tool. Its different tips provide the dentist with a wide variety of treatment options.
Moreover, they are easy to use and improve the workflow in the dental office. An ultrasonic scaler can remove calculus twice as fast as a manual scaler. Furthermore, it ensures the treatment’s success.